Its name comes from the Aymara word “Uyu” which means “Resting Place”.
The city of Uyuni was officially founded in July 1889 during the presidency of Dr. Aniceto Arce.
Uyuni is located at 20º29’55 ” south latitude and 66º51’11 ” west latitude, at 3,669 meters above sea level, and is located in the middle of the Bolivian highlands on the shores of the largest salt flat in the world called: “El Salar of Uyuni. ”
Uyuni is the capital of the Quijarro province in the department of Potosí (Bolivia), and has approximately 15,000 inhabitants.
The great Salar de Uyuni has an area of approximately 12,000 km² and 8 to 9 meters deep.
The Salar de Uyuni is one of the main tourist destinations in Bolivia as it is visited by approximately 60,000 tourists annually.
Salar de Uyuni
The Salar de Uyuni is, with its 12,000 km², “the largest salt desert in the world”. It is located about 3,650 meters high in the Department of Potosí, in the Altiplano of Bolivia, on the Andes Mountains. The area that this desert occupies today was covered 40,000 years ago by Lake Ballivián. The Salar de Coipasa and the Poopó and Uru Uru lakes are also vestiges of this great prehistoric lake. The Salar de Uyuni has an area approximately 25 times larger than that of the Bonneville Salt Flats in the United States and contains a reserve of 9 million tons of lithium and other evaporitic minerals. Driving or driving in the middle of this salt lake is an extraordinary experience especially during winter when the intense blue of the sky contrasts with the bright white of the salt crust. When the weather is cloudy, the “white – out” effect is produced, where the horizon fades until it disappears, making it almost impossible to differentiate the earth from the sky.
In the middle of this spectacular landscape you can see polyhedral figures formed by the wind force of the wind. The visitor is amazed by these strong contrasts that open before his eyes, which work of art in which the gleaming white of the desert, the intense blue of the sky, the rugged lilac coffee of the mountains that surround it and the islands are mixed They are in the middle of this whole panorama. The Salar de Uyuni is one of the main tourist destinations in Bolivia as it is visited by approximately 60,000 tourists each year.
The Laguna Colorada, is a lagoon located within the Eduardo Abaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve, Bolivia, in the Potosino highlands near the border with Chile. GEOGRAPHY: It has maximum dimensions of 10.7 km long by 9.6 km wide with an area of 60 km². It is considered a high Andean-saline lagoon, it also contains borax islands in the northeast and southeast sectors. It has a coastal perimeter of 35 kilometers. COMPOSITION: The red coloration of its waters is due to the sediments of the red color and pigments of some types of algae, the tones of the water range from brown to intense reds. FAUNA: It is a breeding place for Andean flamingos, migratory birds that count for thousands in their mineral-rich waters. NATURAL WONDER: The Laguna Colorada participated in the election of the seven natural wonders of the world.
The Laguna Verde, is a high Andean saltwater lagoon located in the Eduardo Abaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve, Bolivia in the Potosino highlands.
GEOGRAPHY: It has dimensions of 3.7 kilometers long by 2.3 kilometers wide and an area of 5.2 km². It is connected to the Laguna Blanca by a small strait. It has a coastal perimeter of 10 kilometers.
COLOR: It has an emerald green color due to the high magnesium mineral content of its waters.
TOURISM: It is also a great tourist destination since it is at the foot of the “Licancabur Volcano”, one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, which also contains in its crater one of the highest lagoons in the world.
The Licancabur Volcano, or Licancábur is a stratovolcano located on the border between Chile and Bolivia, next to the “Laguna Verde”. Its last eruption took place in the Holocene (Second epoch of the Quaternary period that includes the last 11,784 years since the end of the last glaciation). A photo of this natural wonder, taken by Portuguese geologist Hugo Bettencourt Machado, won the 2009 International Photography Contest of the National Geographic Society.
The Licancabur Volcano makes a natural border between Bolivia and Chile. It is located between the Antofagasta Region and the Department of Potosí, on the north side of the Portezuelo del Cajón Pass. On the Bolivian side, there is the Eduardo Abaroa Andean National Wildlife Reserve, which is protected because the “Laguna Verde” is located on its skirts, which concentrates large amounts of Andean Flamingos.
The Ollagüe Volcano is an active volcano located on the border of Bolivia and Chile, in the II Region of Antofagasta in Chile and the Department of Potosí in Bolivia, in the Andes Mountains with a height of 5,870 meters. It has a crater of 1,250 meters in diameter, which has been eroded in the southern part, which reveals traces of lava.
Also, from the air, two fumaroles are recognized: the main one, which measures 100 meters, is located 700 meters west of the crater, where the escape of yellow (sulfur) and white gases (water vapor) can be observed . The other fumarole is located on the top of the volcano. It is known from the Chilean side, ascending about 5,500 meters above sea level, ruins of former sulfur camps called Santa Cecilia and Santa Rosa begin to be seen, which can be visited on foot from the base of the volcano. Your promotion requires good physical condition and the company of a guide.
The Tunupa Volcano, Tunupa is the name of a deity of the colla people who considered him the supreme god, creator of Nature and civilizing father. He is the god of volcano and lightning. This religion took peak in small Aymara villages. This name is given to the volcano, in commemoration of this god and known as its altar.